Children are naturally curious and can get into danger very easily and quickly, espcially in the home. To raise awareness to the importance of protecting children and ensuring their safety in the home, September is National Child Safety Month. Some startling statistics are according to government figures 2-1/2 million children are injured or killed by hazards in the home each year.  Injury in the home is the leading cause of death in children and young adults. According to the most recent statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there were approximately 2,800 children, ages one to 14 years, that died from an unintentional injury. These are sobering facts, so what can you do to try and keep your child safe?

 Childproofing your home is a major way to keep your small child safe.  Every room and area of your home should be evaluated for dangers.  The following is a list of items that can be used to help in your childproofing efforts:

  •  Corner and Edge Bumpers.To help prevent injuries from falls against sharp edges of furniture and fireplaces adding these rubberized or plastic items can really help. Corner and edge bumpers can be used with furniture and fireplace hearths to help prevent injuries from falls or to soften falls against sharp or rough edges. Be sure to look for bumpers that stay securely on furniture or hearth edges. Typical cost of a corner and edge bumper: $1 and up.
  • Safety Gates help prevent falls down stairs and to keep children away from dangerous areas by installing Safety gates keeping children away from stairs or rooms that have hazards in them. Look for safety gates that children cannot dislodge easily, but that adults can open and close without difficulty. For the top of stairs, gates that screw to the wall are more secure than "pressure gates."   A gate may run from $ 9 - $40. Gates should meet safety standards and display a certification seal from the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association http://www.jpma.org/.  If you have an older safety gate, be sure it doesn't have "V" shapes that are large enough for a  child's head and neck to fit into.
  • Door Knob Covers and Door Locks. These prevent children from entering rooms and other areas with possible dangers. Door knob covers and door locks can help keep children away from places with hazards, including swimming pools. Make sure that this be opened quickly by an adult in an emergency.  By restricting access to potentially hazardous rooms in the home, door knob covers could help prevent many kinds of injuries. Door locks should be placed high out of reach of young children.  Sliding glass doors, with locks that must be re-secured after each use, are often not an effective barrier to pools.   Typical cost of a door knob cover: $1 and door lock: $5 and up.
  • Window Guards and Safety Netting In order to help prevent falls from windows, balconies, decks, and landings window guards and safety netting for balconies and decks can help.   There should be no more than four inches between the bars of the window guard. If you have window guards, be sure at least one window in each room can be easily used for escape in a fire. Window screens are not effective for preventing children from falling out of windows. Typical cost of a window guard or safety netting: $8 to $16.
  • Outlet Covers and Outlet Plates. To help prevent electrocution of children adding outlet covers and outlet plates is a simple thing. Be sure the outlet protectors cannot be easily removed by children.  Typical cost for a box of outlet covers is less than $2.

Anyone who has children or has ever had children in their home know that children can get into  many household hazards in a matter of seconds. Even with all these safety devices, nothing can replace proper supervision but these items can help prevent injures and offer a little extra piece of mind.