You may have heard the term 'hard water' but many homeowners do not understand exactly what it is and even if they have this problem. According to the U.S. Geologic Survey, 85 percent of the homes in the United States have hard water.  While hard water is not considered to be unhealthy for people to drink, it can be damaging to household plumbing, water-using appliances and it can make it difficult to clean. Below are the basics of hard water, how to tell if you have it and what can be done about it.

 
What Is Hard Water?

Hard water contains calcium and magnesium and while this is quite natural, excessive amounts create what is commonly referred to as hard water. Hard water is not considered a serious health risk but people who are more prone to rashes and skin problems can have problems because it changes the skin’s pH and soap remains on the skin, clogging pores.

Ways To Tell If You Have Hard Water

The best way to tell whether water is hard or soft is the soapy factor. Soap and toothpaste do not lather up as quickly in hard water as it clogs skin pores and coats hair. The minerals in hard water can affect the ability of soap to clean kitchen and bath surfaces, dishware and laundry. Most homes have hard water problems without necessarily knowing about it.

Hard Water Solutions

If you suspect you have hard water, call a professional to test your water and recommend soft water solutions. The most common solution is to use a water softeners or water treatment systems. While many systems use salt, there are several water softeners available that have a salt free system. However if you are concerned about the presence of sodium ions in their water, use of sodium ions does not make the water noticeably salty or cause a significant increase in a person’s sodium intake. In fact, the FDA defines water that would result from softening 75 gpg hard water (where much more sodium ions would have to be exchanged that is typically the case) as a “low sodium” beverage.

There are many affordable solutions available for both purchase and for rent. If you are interested in a system for purchase, a typical household water softener costs around $1,000 to $1,500 with a monthly operating expense of around $2 to $8 if sodium is used. Many companies offer systems for rent with monthly costs ranging from $25-$85 depending on the model. Be sure to look for the WQA Gold Seal to find products that have been successfully tested to industry performance standards.