If you're planning to buy a home and are researching the different types of financing, you might apply for an FHA mortgage.

This type of mortgages are great for first-time homebuyers, buyers, buyers with bad credit as well as those homebuyers who do not have the funds for 20% downpayment.

With an FHA loan, it helps banks mitigate this risk by insuring otherwise risky borrowers' mortgages. The FHA agrees to pay the difference between what a home gets at a post-foreclosure auction and what's still owed on the home when a borrower defaults.

With the sluggish economy and problems with the real estate market, the FHA may soon begin tightening its loan standards, leaving some borrowers without the financing they need.

Below are a few of some potential roadblocks you might encounter if you are applying for an FHA loan, and how to get through them.

  • The FHA requires a new property to be livable from day one. As a result, the agency has a strict inspection requirement intended to catch any potential health or safety hazards. You should make sure everything is in working order and address things like a broken window, or a broken fire alarm, as these can create significant delays in the buying process. It is of course difficult to repair these issues if you are not yet the property owner but you will need to communicate with the seller and negotiate the necessary repairs.
  • The FHA also has limits for how high a borrower's debt-to-income ratio can be. It will be more difficult for homebuyers who have more than 30 percent of their monthly income on a mortgage payment or 43 percent on all debts combined. Below are also some additional requirements borrows will need to face:  Show consistent or increasing income, have a steady employment record (at least 2 or more years with the same employer) as well as have no bankruptcies in the last two years.
  • Another issue is that if the property appraisal comes in below the price you've negotiated, the deal is off. A possible solution is that the buyer could try to come up with a larger down payment to help to make up the difference between the appraisal and the negotiated price or possibly negotiate a new price based on the appraisal. Buyers have the advantage in today's real estate market, so the chances of a motivated seller accepting a lower price is good.